scientific content (structure of scientific articles); find South Africa Phone Number List scientific practices through content criteria: topicality on the subject, relevance for the scientific South Africa Phone Number List community, clarity in the methods applied and that can be contrasted, mature research results for presentation; guarantee the scientific nature of the publication based on decision-making regarding its editorial flow, within, for South Africa Phone Number List example, a journal. This method has been implemented in different ways that have been established as standards that are the South Africa Phone Number List most used by scientific journals, among them are: The double-blind system ,

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both reviewers and authors are anonymous; they represent an attractive alternative. It is currently the most used , because it eliminates from the articles any clue or South Africa Phone Number List signal that helps to identify the authors or reviewers. This approach seeks to preserve anonymity, thus trying to ensure that the South Africa Phone Number List review is done fairly. However, in a small area it is difficult to hide the identity of an author, particularly if the author insists on making himself known through self-citations in previous works. The single blind system , South Africa Phone Number List the reviewer knows the identity of the author, but the author does not know

South Africa Phone Number List

that of the reviewer. This is a currently accepted practice, although it South Africa Phone Number List may be vulnerable to nepotism, so its ethical foundations have been under criticism many times. The open system reveals the identities of both authors and reviewers, and authors have the ability to identify reviewers’ South Africa Phone Number List comments. The implementation system of the peer review process has evolved and has been impacted by the development of information and communication technologies and by the emergence South Africa Phone Number List of movements such as open access and open science, for which complementary

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